As you already know, in general we use “some” in positive sentences and “any” in negative sentences and questions.
1) However, there are a few exceptions that must be taken into account. Let’s learn about some of them with the following video.
2) Now, let’s read some theory in English here. Likewise, remember that “any” is also used in sentences with negative meaning that include negative verbs, such as “fail” or “refuse”, negative adjectives (unlikely, unaffordable..) and negative adverbs (barely, seldom…), except when “some” means “not all”.
3) Time to do some practice here. Once you have finished, translate the following sentences into English.
a) El solicitante no ha conseguido satisfacer ninguno de los requisitos para la concesión de la licencia.
b) Este año, varías películas que se esperaba iban a ser nominadas fueron sorprendentemente descalificadas ya que no consiguieron cumplir algunos de los requisitos para la nominación.
c) Un animal rabioso debería ser puesto en cuarentena para prevenir cualquier tipo de daño que pudiera causar a la gente del condado.
d) Este programa ofrece algunas utilidades interesantes para prevenir algunos de los daños que pueden afectar a nuestro ordenador.
e) Hay artículos en el periódico que cualquier profesor podría utilizar en clase.
4) Now, try this dictation exercise. Click on “expert”.
5) Let's learn some vocabulary:
Advanced Vocabulary Spelling Test - Smart Words
Learn English with American films: The Bridges of Madison County
Remember: Always use Howjsay to hear the sound of the new words you're learning.
6) Listen and read this story. You should learn all the vocabulary and practice pronunciation. And, for the most daring, read this article from The Economist.
7) Finally, write a story of about 200/250 words using sentences like those you have learnt in this unit. Suggestion: Ask your language exchange to write a similar story in Spanish and then correct each other's writings. You can use examples from the videos and exercises above.
If you have done all the exercises, then you've scored a 10! Congratulations!
Key to exercise 3:
a) The applicant has failed to meet any of the requirements for issuance of the license.
b) This year, several films expected to be nominated were shockingly disqualified because they failed to meet some of the requirements for nomination.
c) A rabid animal should be quarantined to prevent any damage that it could do to the people of the county.
d) This software offers some interesting utilities to prevent some damage to our PC.
e) There are articles in the newspaper that any teacher could use in class.
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